The ideal job candidate is probably already working for you, so it pays for companies big and small to develop talent within.
A full-colour projected image of Mickey Mouse is the first thing a visitor sees when stepping off the elevator at the offices of Disney Interactive Studios in Kelowna before being greeted by receptionist Shannon Sawatzky – whose official title is facilities services coordinator. She has held the job for a few months now but this wasn’t her first position at Disney Interactive.
Sawatzky has been with the studio, where the kids’ online social community, Club Penguin, is created, since 2009. She landed her new position thanks, in part, to the company’s efforts to train and promote internally whenever possible. Lynn D’Albertanson, who handles communications for Disney Online Studios, the division of Disney Interactive responsible for Club Penquin, says there are multiple benefits to hiring from within. “Product knowledge is probably the biggest. The Club Penguin brand is really unique,” she explains. Her passion for that brand percolates up as she describes it. “It’s very special. People who work here are extremely attached to the brand and that is something that takes time to build.”
D'Albertanson is seated in a boardroom where numerous character sketches on a whiteboard vie with the hilly Okanagan view for attention. She believes loyalty and enthusiasm for the brand can also help the company innovate. She uses an internally hired project manager in the merchandising department as an example: “Can you imagine the benefit of having someone who works in the support department interacting with children all day, every day, now having a say into the merchandise that Club Penguin is creating?”
Henry Goldbeck of Goldbeck Recruiting in Vancouver believes that hiring from within is now a universal trend with both large and small companies. “Larger companies have very established processes where positions are posted internally, even when management knows or is pretty certain that there is no internal candidate. They still post it and allow people to apply,” he explains.
It's more than just good optics or popular policy; hiring from within offers a long list of benefits to the employer. Goldbeck rhymes off a few: product and company familiarity, corporate loyalty and employee morale. Yet it's the “known entity” part of the equation, often described as “culture fit,” that proves to be the most important with HR professionals. Culture fit is a big part of what the hiring committee attempts to assess: will this person's values match the company's, and will they conduct themselves in a way that meshes with the culture it has created? With an internal hire, the employer has seen these behaviours in action and can be more assured that the person is a fit.
At Telus Corp., the right fit is the first reason the company gives for hiring from within. Richard Beed, vice-president of talent solutions at Telus, believes finding that fit does more than create a good employee. “We absolutely find that when you are investing in somebody with that right culture fit, that when they operate in the right environment and with other individuals with the right culture fit, that's what really helps us drive the innovation. That's what really helps to support our customers.”
Despite her recent promotion, Sawatzky knows firsthand that hiring internally isn't necessarily always the right decision. She was passed over the first time she applied for her current position in favour of an external hire. Despite Disney Interactive’s strong belief in hiring internally and despite there being several internal applicants, when the reception position needed to be filled in 2011, the company chose an outside candidate. The successful applicant had the right disposition, experience and fresh ideas about new systems to implement. Sawatzky reflects that when she got the news, she and a few other internal candidates were disappointed because they knew that the company wanted to hire internally. “But, I think after probably a week or two of getting over myself, I got to know the new receptionist,” she says, “and without a doubt, 100 per cent agreed that they should have hired her.”
Letting down internal candidates can be a tricky part of the process for the employer. “The biggest challenge we face when trying to hire internally is that everybody desperately wants it. And not everybody can have it,” says Disney Interactive's D'Albertanson. She feels the key is communicating with staff: “We rely on our managers to help coach people toward what they want to do, as in, 'Don't just apply for every posting that comes out. You need to be thoughtful and you need to pay attention. You need to talk to different people in the studio and really see what you might be interested in so that you can have a career path goal and shoot for that, rather than just shoot for anything that is a salaried position.'”
Disney Interactive also invests in training its staff and giving them an opportunity to try out different positions with a backup program. Whether it's someone with design as a hobby providing backup support for the engagement department when Club Penguin designers are too busy, or heading a meeting to practise leadership skills, staff are offered various opportunities. Not only does this benefit team members, but management also gets a chance to see them in different roles and perhaps in a different light. Disney Interactive has also recently started a mentorship program to give staff members access to the knowledge base of more senior staff. It's all part of their effort to hang on to the employees the company has – and as a medium-sized business (with between 300 and 500 employees), a comprehensive system like this makes sense.